Fir, Balsam Overview Category: Evergreens Common Name: Fir, Balsam Botanical Name: Abies balsamea Sun Exposure: Part to full sun Height: 45-55 ft. Spread: 20 ft. See notes | Back to evergreens Notes Balsam Fir are a slow growing, large, pyramidal evergreen. They are native to Minnesota, and prefer cool, moist soils. They can tolerate some shade. They have short, dark green needles, and hold their shape nicely as they mature.